What is Organic Vegetable Gardening?
Organic gardening differs from "conventional' gardening mainly in the areas of fertilization and pest and disease control. The organic gardener prefers to use prevention and natural and organic materials and methods - avoiding practices and synthetic chemicals that may be detrimental to his/her health and natural environment.
Successful organic vegetable gardens are not accidental. They are the results of planning, care, and the will to make things grow. Among the many things an organic vegetable garden may offer toward a satisfying experience are fresh air, exercise, sunshine, knowledge, supplemental income, mental therapy, and fresh food, rich in vitamins and minerals, and last but not least: improved health.
Irrigation is your first most important concern
Growing a crop without irrigation is possible, but your success is enhanced with irrigation. Several different methods of irrigation can be used, with overhead and trickle/drip irrigation the most common. Trickle/drip irrigation is the most water-use efficient because water is delivered directly to plant roots with a low volume soaker hose, drip tape, or emitters.
Compost Mulch, and Fertilization
In organic gardening, since you won't be using synthetic fertilizers, amending your native garden soil, fertilization and mulching with the use of compost is your second most important concern.
Insect & Disease Control
Since you will not be using chemical pesticides and fungicides in your organic garden, prevention and organic insect and disease control will be important.