Planting Container Grown Roses In The Garden
Many nursery and garden centers offer roses that have been grown in a container - often 2 or 3 gallon in size. Container grown roses are simply bare root roses that have been planted in a container (typically 3 gallon in size) by a growing operation or your local nursery. Once a rose has rooted into the soil within a container it can be offered at nursery and garden centers throughout the season. Bare root roses, on the other hand, are only available for a short period of time during late winter and early spring.
- To plant a container grown rose, dig a hole at least 24" deep, and 12" wider than the container the rose is in. This will give the roots plenty of room to start growing through ammended soil.
- After you dig your hole fill it half way with water and let the water soak in. The water should empty the hole within an hour, and if not, dig the hole a few inches deeper. Roses do not like wet feet, and if their roots stand in water for long periods of time root rot will occur.
- I have a soil mixture recipe for planting roses. After digging the hole for my rose, I mix in:
- a shovel full of peat moss
- a shovel of dried cow manure
- a shovel of compost such as Mushroom Compost
- 1 cup of cottonseed meal
- 1 cup of bone meal
- 1 tablespoon of Epsom salts
Mix these ingredients together with the native soil dug from the hole.
- Before placing the rose in the hole, backfill hole with soil mixture to a level where the top of the rootball of the rose will be slightly above the ground level. Place the rootball in hole making sure that the top edge is even with the ground level. While holding the rose steady to keep it straight, backfill with the soil mixture to a level 3/4 of the way to the top of the hole tamping lightly as you go. Add water to settle and remove any air pockets. I then add some fish emulsion for an extra boost. Follow instructions on the product label. Finish backfilling making sure not to put any mix on top of the rootball.
- (Optional) Build a 2" high catch basin to help retain water during the first season by mounding a ring of soil in a circle around the perimeter of the hole.