Large gardens/parks of the very rich

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Technical Terms dealing with Medieval period gardens
by Lauren Stier · All Zones · Terminology · 0 Comments · April 21, 2012 · 19,525 views

Parks often included multiple structure, many water features, and at least if you listened to Crescenzi were stocked with wild beasts. The gardens at Woodstock, perhaps orginally made for Henry II's light'o'love Rosamund, and suspected by at least one author to have been made imitation of those in the romance of Tristan and Iseult, are an example.

"Castle, manors and great monastic establishments would have both small herbers for useful and decorative plants and also grander enclosed areas in which walks could be shaded by trees and where there were artificial pools for fish as well as natural streams...Geoffrey de Montbray...came back to Normandy to sow acorns and grow oaks, beeches and other forest trees inside a park enclosed by a double ditch and a palisade" (Hobhouse)

The parkat Hesdin, northern France, created in 1288, included:

"a menagerie, aviaries, fishponds, beautiful orchards, and enclosed garden named Le Petit Paradis, and facilites for tournaments. The guest were beckoned across a bridge by animated rope-operated monkey statues (kitted up each year with fresh badger-fur coats) to a bauqueting pavilion which was set amongest pools." (Landsberg p.22)

Compare thisprescription from Crescenzi:

"Of the gardens of royal personages and powerful and wealthy lords. And insamuch as wealthy persons can by their riches and power obtain things as please them and need only science and art to create all they desire. For them, therefore, let a great meadow be chosen, arranged, and ordered, as here shall be directed. Let it be a place where the pleasant winds blow and where there are fountains of waters; it should be twenty 'Journaux' or more in size according to the will of the Lord and it should be enclosed with lofty walls, Let there be in pavilion where the king and his queen or the lord and lady may dwell, when they wish to escape from wearisome occupations and where they may solace themselves."../"Let there be shade and let the windows of the pavilion look out upon the garden but not exposed to the burning rays of the sun. Let fish-pools be made and divers fishes placed therein. Let there also be hares, rabbits, deer and such-like wild animals that are not beast of prey. And in the trees near the pavilion let great cages be made and therein place partridges, nightingales, blackbirds, linnets, and all manner of singing birds. Let all be arranged so that the beast and the birds may easily be seen from the pavilion. Let there also be Petrus Crescentiis, Opus Ruralium Commodorum, 1305.

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